Robert Capa, whose original name was Andrei Friedmann, was born in 1913 in Budapest. His war photographs made him one of the great photojournalists of the 20th century. He was initially established in Paris as a representative of the fictitious American photographer Robert Capa, who was so rich he refused to sell his work at normal prices. The deception was soon discovered but he retained the pseudonym.
Robert Capa first achieved fame as a war correspondent in the Spanish Civil War. His style as a photojournalist fully emerged circa 1936, with well known cose-up views of death in the same war. In World War II he covered most of the heavy fights in Africa, Sicily and Italy, working for Life ...magazine. His photos of the Normandy invasion are some of the most memorable pictures of that war.
In 1947, Robert Capa joined with Henry Cartier-Bresson and David ("Chim") Seymour and founded Magnum Photos, the first cooperative agency of international free-lance photographers. In 1948 he covered the fighting in Palestine. He also dedicated a lot of his time to selling and guiding the work of newer members of Magnum. In 1954 he volunteered to cover the French Indochina war for Life ...magazine and was killed after stepping on a land mine.
On his views of the photojournalist work, he once said:
"The war photographer's most fervent wish is for unemployment"
Photo by Vasco Pinhol©